Human History Timeline

Combined Timeline


  • 30,000 B.C.    Cro-Magnon man is flourishing, moving from the Near East into Europe, lives by hunting and gathering. Cro-Magnon’s painted caves with drawings of the animals they killed.
  • 25,000 B. C.    Bering Strait is crossed by humans, connecting Asia to the Americas.
  • 18,000 B.C.    Clay pottery ware is created. Humans begin to use raw metals.
  • 10,000 B.C.    Humans make it to the southern most point of South America.
  • 8,000 B.C.    The Neolithic Revolution and an agriculture way of life is discovered in the Fertile Cresent/Middle Eastern area. Cows and sheep were domesticated and crops where manipulated and tended. (interesting fact: first domesticated dog ever was found in Idaho, USA 8400 BC).
  • 7000 B.C.    A great earthquake destroys the city of Jericho.
  • 6,500 B.C.    The oceans and sea’s rise, England is now cut off from Europe by land.
  • 6000 B.C..    First beer is brewed from grain in the Near East.
  • 5,500 B.C.    First settled societies in the Mesopotamia region.
  • 4,500 B.C.    Humans learn how to use the plow.
  • 4,250 B.C.    Development of copper and bronze metallurgy.
  • 4,242 B.C.    The very first year on the Egyptian calendar.
  • 4,000 B.C.    The wheel is invented and begins to be used. Rice farming in China is developed.
  • 3,400 B.C.    Beginning forms of writing. Earliest ziggurats are built.
  • 3,200 B.C.   Boats use sails on the Nile river.
  • 3,113 B.C.    First date in the Mayan calendar.
  • 3,100 B.C.    Egypt’s 1st Dynasty created by the joining of the upper and lower kingdoms of Egypt.
  • 3,000 B.C.    Bricks are used widely(and made by a fired process). First city-states are created, palaces are starting to be build. Temples are usually build at the center of the cities. There were large military campaigns by ethnic groups of people.
  • 2,750 B.C.    Rule of Gilgamesh. King of Uruk.
  • 2,667 B.C.    Very first pyramids were built in Egypt.
  • 2,500 B.C.    First written legal codes.
  • 2,400 B.C.    The construction of Stonehenge in England starts.
  • 1,792 B.C.    Hammurabi begins his rule as king.
  • 1531 B.C.    The Hittites conquer Babylon.
  • 1,333 B.C.    A young boy named Tutankhamun succeeds Akhenaten, he restores the nation to worshiping the old Egyptian gods.
  • 1,250 B.C.    Ziggurat in Khuzestan, in present day Iran is built. Moses leads the Israelites on an exodus out of Egypt.
  • 1,200 B.C.    Moses leads his people out of Egypt.
  • 1140 B.C.     The First North African city of Utica (Tunisia) is established by the Phoenicians.
  • 1,126 B.C.    Nebuchadnezzar I begins his rule as king of Babylon.
  • 1122 B.C.    The Chou Dynasty is formed in China by Emperor Wu Wang. The feudal system follows.
  • 1077  B.C.   The New Kingdom phase in Egypt is over when Rameses XI dies. Smendes ascends to Pharaoh and forms the XXIst Dynasty.
  • 1,070 B.C.    The Kingdom of Kush in Nubia begins.
  • 1050 B.C.   Israel is invaded and defeated by the Philistines.
  • 1020 B.C.   Saul is anointed king of Israel by the one of the last remaining Israelite judges.
  • 1000 B.C.   In the battle of Gilboa, Saul is killed and David ascends to the throne.
  • 961 B.C.    David dies and his throne is replaced by his son Solomon.
  • 953 B.C.    The Dedication of Temple at Jerusalem is built by Solomon.
  • 922 B.C.    Solomon dies and his throne is replaced by his son Rehoboam who faces a rebellion soon after his ascension.
  • 814 B.C.    Carthage is founded by the Phoenicians, not far from Utica.
  • 800 B.C.    The great poet Homer writes “The Iliad” and “The Odyssey“.
  • 776 B.C.    The very first recorded Olympic Games are established in Greece.
  • 770 B.C.    The Eastern Chou Dynasty in China begins.
  • 483 B.C.    Buddha dies in India.
  • 460 B.C.   Hippocrates is born.
  • 404 B.C.    The Government of the Thirty Tyrants begins.
  • 394 B.C.    Spartan forces win the Battle of Coronea.
  • 390 B.C.    The city of Rome is ransacked by The Gauls from France.
  • 386 B.C.    Antalcidas of Sparta forms a peace pact with Persia.
  • 377 B.C.   Hippocrates dies.
  • 371 B.C.    Sparta and The Athenian League form a peace pact.
  • 367 B.C.    Rome elects its first plebeian council member.
  • 356 B.C.    The Third Sacred War begins.
  • 339 B.C.    The Fourth Sacred War begins.
  • 336 B.C.    Philip II of Macedonia is assassinated.
  • 332 B.C.    Alexander the Great invades Egypt and founds the city Alexandria.
  • 264 B.C.    The First Punic War begins.
  • 221 B.C.    China is united under the reign of Shi Huangdi, China’s first emperor.
  • 214 B.C.    Construction begins on The Great Wall of China.
  • 204 B.C.   Construction is completed on The Great Wall of China.
  • 168 B.C.    Roman forces defeat Perseus at the Battle of Pydna.
  • 141 B.C.  Jewish people liberate Jerusalem.
  • 140 B.C.   Wu (Liu Che) becomes “Martial Emperor” of China.
  • 89 B.C.     First Mithridatic War.
  • 63 B.C.     Judea is captured by the Roman empire.
  • 53 B.C.    The Battle of Carrhae, between Parthian and Roman empires.
  • 50 B.C.   France is conquered by Julius Caesar.
  • 45 B.C.    Caesar becomes dictator of Rome.
  • 44 B.C.    Caesar is assassinated.
  • 30 B.C.   Egypt is absorbed and becomes a province of the current Roman empire.
  • 27 B.C.    Augustus begins his rule of the Roman Empire as the first Roman emperor.
  • 5 B.C.    Jesus is born in Bethlehem.

 

A.D.

  • 14 A.D.    Death of Augustus, the first emperor of the Roman Empire.
  • 18 A.D.    Publius Ovidius Naso (Ovid), poet of Heroides, Amores, and Metamorphoses dies.
  • 27 A.D.    Jesus is baptized by John the Baptist.
  • 30 A.D.    John the Baptist executed.
  • 30 A.D.    Crucifixion of Jesus ordered by Pilate.
  • 34 A.D.    The disciple Paul makes his first visit to Jerusalem.
  • 41 A.D.    Caligula is assassinated as a result of his extravagance and quest for unconstrained personal power.
  • 43 A.D.    London (Latin: Londinium) is established by the Romans.
  • 45 A.D.    Disciple (apostle) Paul begins his missionary works.
  • 59 A.D.    Agrippina is murdered by her son, Nero.
  • 64 A.D.    Great fire destroys much of Rome.
  • 70 A.D.    The Gospel Matthew portion of the bible is written.
  • 75 A.D.    The Gospel Luke portion of the bible is written.
  • 79 A.D.    The volcano Vesuvius erupts, spewing lava so quickly that it preserved the city of Pompeii. Titus is the current emperor of Rome.
  • 80 A.D.    The Roman Colosseum and the Baths of Titus are completed.
  • 95 A.D.    The Gospel John and The Book of Revelations is written.
  • 126 A.D.    The Roman Pantheon is built in Rome.
  • 130 A.D.    Egypt’s new capital city Antinopolis is created.
  • 161 A.D.    Marcus Aurelius becomes the new Emperor of Rome.
  • 166 A.D.    Marcus Aurelius sends gifts to Emperor Huan Ti.
  • 217 A.D.    Macrinus becomes the new Emperor of Rome.
  • 220 A.D.    The period of “Three Kingdoms” in China begins (an last’s until 265 a.d.)
  • 222 A.D.    Alexander Severus becomes the new Emperor of Rome.
  • 227 A.D.    A new Persian empire is founded by Ardashir.
  • 230 A.D.    The first known ruler of Japan, Emperor Sujin, is documented.
  • 235 A.D.    Maximinus Thrax becomes the new Emperor of Rome.
  • 238 A.D.    Gordian III becomes the new Emperor of Rome.
  • 249 A.D.   Decius becomes the Emperor of Rome.
  • 250 A.D.   Decius persecutes Christians.
  • 251 A.D.   Gallus becomes Emperor of Rome, Decius dies in battle with Goths.
  • 253 A.D.   Valerian becomes Emperor of Rome, shares throne with his son, Gallienus.
  • 268 A.D.   Claudius II becomes  Emperor of Rome.
  • 270 A.D.   Aurelian becomes Emperor of Rome.
  • 275 A.D.   Tacitus becomes Emperor of Rome, killed by his own military troops one year later.
  • 276 A.D.   Probus becomes Emperor of Rome.
  • 282 A.D.   Carus becomes Emperor of Rome, killed by his own military troops one year later.
  • 284 A.D.   Diocletian becomes Emperor of Rome.
  • 286 A.D.   The Roman Empire is divided by Diocletian, he rules the East, Maximiam rules the West.
  • 303 A.D.  Christians are persecuted by Diocletian.
  • 306 A.D.   Constantine I (known as Constantine the Great) becomes Emperor of Rome in the East kingdom.
  • 308 A.D.   Maxentius becomes Emperor of Rome in the West kingdom.
  • 312 A.D.   Maxentius is killed in the battle of Milvian Bride. Constantine converts to Christianity.
  • 313 A.D.    Constantine unites all of Rome and issues the Edict of Milan. The “Edict of Toleration” is proclaimed and Constantine allows Christianity in his kingdom.
  • 324 A.D.   The East and West kingdoms of Rome are re-united by Constantine.
  • 330 A.D.   Constantinople is formed by Constantine and is the new capital of the Roman Kingdom.
  • 337 A.D.   Constantine dies, is baptized on deathbed.
  • 391 A.D.    Roman empire makes Christianity the official religion.
  • 410 A.D.    Rome is sacked by the Goths.
  • 428 A.D.    St. Patrick begins his missionary work in Ireland.
  • 440 A.D.    Leo, known as Leo the Great, becomes Pope.
  • 475 A.D.    Romulus Augustus becomes Emperor.
  • 590 A.D.    Gregory I, known as Gregory the Great becomes Pope.
  • 593 A.D.    Suiko becomes the new Empress of Japan.
  • 604 A.D.    Construction of the Grand Canal begins in China.
  • 610 A.D.    Vision of Muhammad.
  • 624 A.D.    Aisha and Muhammad are married.
  • 625 A.D.    Muhammad starts his dictation of the Koran.
  • 632 A.D.    Death of Muhammad.
  • 639 A.D.    Muslim conquest of Egypt begins.
  • 814 A.D.    Arabs start using the Indian numerals 0 through 9.
  • 832 A.D.   The city of Baghdad is established and rises as a city of learning.
  • 843 A.D.    Treaty of Verdun is signed and divides the current Frankish Empire into 3 (east of Rhine, France and then Italy, Provence, Burgundy and Lorraine.)
  • 844 A.D.    The Picts are defeated by Kenneth MacAlpine (King of the Scots) and a new unified Scotland is established.
  • 850 A.D.   The Muslim scholars of Tabari compile the medical writings of Greece, Rome, Persia and India.
  • 861 A.D.    Iceland is discovered by exploring Vikings.
  • 1082 A.D.    King Henry IV’s troops storm Rome.
  • 1085 A.D.    The Moors lose Toledo to Alfonso Vi.
  • 1086 A.D.    Canute IV of Denmark is assassinated.
  • 1088 A.D.    Urban II becomes the new Pope.
  • 1096 A.D.    The First Crusade begins at the urging of Pope Urban.
  • 1098 A.D.    Crusaders defeat the Saracens at Antioch.
  • 1099 A.D.    Crusaders take Jerusalem.
  • 1108 A.D.    Louis VI becomes the new king of France.
  • 1111 A.D.    Henry V becomes the Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1139 A.D.    Alfonso becomes the first king of Portugal.
  • 1145 A.D.    The Second Crusade begins.
  • 1156 A.D.    Military class struggle begins in Japan.
  • 1174 A.D.    Syria is conquered by Saladin.
  • 1177 A.D.    Saladin is defeated by Baldwin IV at Montgisard.
  • 1180 A.D.    A truce is formed between Saladin and Baldwin IV.
  • 1182 A.D.    Jews are banished from France by Philip II.
  • 1297 A.D.    William Wallace, a Scottish man defeats the English army in the Battle of Stirling Bridge.
  • 1300 A.D.    Wenceslas II becomes the new king of Poland.
  • 1304 A.D.    Petrarch, the well known Italian poet is born.
  • 1328 A.D.    Philip VI becomes the current king of France.
  • 1368 A.D.    The Ming dynasty is formed in China.
  • 1412 A.D.    Joan of Arc (Jeanne d’Arc) is born.
  • 1413 A.D.    Henry V becomes the King of England.
  • 1421 A.D.    China names Beijing as it’s capital city.
  • 1422 A.D.    Death of Henry V (England) and Charles VI (France).
  • 1453 A.D.    The Hundred Years War comes to an end.
  • 1458 A.D.    Athens is taken over by the Ottomans.
  • 1590 A.D.   First flushing toilet is invented by John Harrington.
  • 1609 A.D.    Galileo Galilee makes his first observations of stars with a telescope.
  • 1610 A.D.   The theory of relative motion is put forward by Galileo Galilee.
  • 1618 A.D.    Start of the Thirty Years’ War initiated by the Defenstration of Prague.
  • 1621 A.D.    Philip IV becomes the next King of Spain.
  • 1631 A.D.    Construction on the Taj Mahal begins.
  • 1648 A.D.    Taj Mahal is completed, used as tomb for wife of Emperor Shah Jahan. The Treaty of Westphalia is signed, ending the Thirty Years’ War.
  • 1665 A.D.    There is a massive plague that sweeps over London.
  • 1682 A.D.    Peter the Great is born.
  • 1686 A.D.    Issac Newton publishes his laws of motion and gravity.
  • 1687 A.D.    Sir Isaac Newton tells about his theory of gravity and the three laws of motion.
  • 1696 A.D.    Peter is the sole ruler of Russia.
  • 1701 A.D.    The seed-drill is invented by Jethro Tull.
  • 1703 A.D.    Peter the Great founds St Petersburg.
  • 1725 A.D.    Peter the Great dies.
  • 1788 A.D.    The Times is created and published for the first time in London.
  • 1791 A.D.    ”The Rights of Man“, written by Thomas Paine is published.
  • 1797 A.D.   The parachute is invented.
  • 1803 A.D.    Britain and France start warring.  France sells vast area of land west of the Mississippi to the United States in whats known as The Louisiana Purchase.
  • 1807 A.D.   The slave trade is abolished in Britain via the Slave Trade Act.
  • 1812 A.D.    United States and Britain start warring.
  • 1815 A.D.    Battle of Waterloo. The Treaty of Vienna is signed.
  • 1835 A.D.   Texas makes independence claim away from Mexico, known as the Texas Revolution.
  • 1853 A.D.   The Crimean War begins.
  • 1856 A.D.   The Crimean War ends.
  • 1867 A.D.   Alaska is purchased from Russia by the United States.
  • 1868 A.D.   DNA is discovered.
  • 1901 A.D.   Queen Victoria of England dies.
  • 1903 A.D.   The Wright Brothers make their first powered flights.
  • 1905 A.D.   Albert Einstein publishes his theory of special relativity.
  • 1914 A.D.    Start of World War I (WWI)
  • 1916 A.D.   Albert Einstein publishes his theory of general relativity.
  • 1917 A.D.   The scientific principles of the laser are defined by Albert Einstein.
  • 1918 A.D.    WWI ends.
  • 1920 A.D.   The first public broadcasting station is opened in Britain.
  • 1927 A.D.   Charles Lindbergh is first man to fly solo across the Atlantic ocean. The idea that the universe began in a Big Bang is developed by Abbe George Lemaitre.
  • 1928 A.D.   Penicillin is discovered on accident by Alexander Flemming.
  • 1929 A.D.   NYSE (New York Stock Exchange) crashes after a panic induced sell-off of shares.
  • 1936 A.D.   Start of the Spanish Civil War.
  • 1939 A.D.   Start of World War II (WWII). The Spanish Civil War ends.
  • 1945 A.D.   WWII ends.
  • 1949 A.D.   The Communist party lead by Mao Zedong comes to power in China.
  • 1965 A.D.   Start of the Vietnam War.
  • 1961 A.D.   The Berlin Wall is built, divides Germany.
  • 1963 A.D.   John F. Kennedy (JFK) is assassinated.
  • 1967 A.D.   United States, Great Britain and the Soviet Union sign a treaty banning the use of nuclear weapons in space.
  • 1973 A.D.   The Vietnam War ends.
  • 1979 A.D.   Margaret Thatcher is elected the first woman prime minister of England.
  • 1980 A.D.   Iran-Iraq war begins (until 1988).
  • 1989 A.D.   Berlin Wall is torn down and communist rule ends in East Germany.
  • 1991 A.D.   The Soviet Union collapses.