Human History Timeline

B.C. Time Period

  • 30,000 B.C.    Cro-Magnon man is flourishing, moving from the Near East into Europe, lives by hunting and gathering. Cro-Magnon’s painted caves with drawings of the animals they killed.
  • 25,000 B. C.    Bering Strait is crossed by humans, connecting Asia to the Americas.
  • 18,000 B.C.    Clay pottery ware is created. Humans begin to use raw metals.
  • 10,000 B.C.    Humans make it to the southern most point of South America.
  • 8,000 B.C.    The Neolithic Revolution and an agriculture way of life is discovered in the Fertile Cresent/Middle Eastern area. Cows and sheep were domesticated and crops where manipulated and tended. (interesting fact: first domesticated dog ever was found in Idaho, USA 8400 BC).
  • 7000 B.C.    A great earthquake destroys the city of Jericho.
  • 6,500 B.C.    The oceans and sea’s rise, England is now cut off from Europe by land.
  • 6000 B.C..    First beer is brewed from grain in the Near East.
  • 5,500 B.C.    First settled societies in the Mesopotamia region.
  • 4,500 B.C.    Humans learn how to use the plow.
  • 4,250 B.C.    Development of copper and bronze metallurgy.
  • 4,242 B.C.    The very first year on the Egyptian calendar.
  • 4,000 B.C.    The wheel is invented and begins to be used. Rice farming in China is developed.
  • 3,400 B.C.    Beginning forms of writing. Earliest ziggurats are built.
  • 3,200 B.C.   Boats use sails on the Nile river.
  • 3,113 B.C.    First date in the Mayan calendar.
  • 3,100 B.C.    Egypt’s 1st Dynasty created by the joining of the upper and lower kingdoms of Egypt.
  • 3,000 B.C.    Bricks are used widely(and made by a fired process). First city-states are created, palaces are starting to be build. Temples are usually build at the center of the cities. There were large military campaigns by ethnic groups of people.
  • 2,750 B.C.    Rule of Gilgamesh. King of Uruk.
  • 2,667 B.C.    Very first pyramids were built in Egypt.
  • 2,500 B.C.    First written legal codes.
  • 2,400 B.C.    The construction of Stonehenge in England starts.
  • 1,792 B.C.    Hammurabi begins his rule as king.
  • 1531 B.C.    The Hittites conquer Babylon.
  • 1,333 B.C.    A young boy named Tutankhamun succeeds Akhenaten, he restores the nation to worshiping the old Egyptian gods.
  • 1,250 B.C.    Ziggurat in Khuzestan, in present day Iran is built. Moses leads the Israelites on an exodus out of Egypt.
  • 1,200 B.C.    Moses leads his people out of Egypt.
  • 1140 B.C.     The First North African city of Utica (Tunisia) is established by the Phoenicians.
  • 1,126 B.C.    Nebuchadnezzar I begins his rule as king of Babylon.
  • 1122 B.C.    The Chou Dynasty is formed in China by Emperor Wu Wang. The feudal system follows.
  • 1077  B.C.   The New Kingdom phase in Egypt is over when Rameses XI dies. Smendes ascends to Pharaoh and forms the XXIst Dynasty.
  • 1,070 B.C.    The Kingdom of Kush in Nubia begins.
  • 1050 B.C.   Israel is invaded and defeated by the Philistines.
  • 1020 B.C.   Saul is anointed king of Israel by the one of the last remaining Israelite judges.
  • 1000 B.C.   In the battle of Gilboa, Saul is killed and David ascends to the throne.
  • 961 B.C.    David dies and his throne is replaced by his son Solomon.
  • 953 B.C.    The Dedication of Temple at Jerusalem is built by Solomon.
  • 922 B.C.    Solomon dies and his throne is replaced by his son Rehoboam who faces a rebellion soon after his ascension.
  • 814 B.C.    Carthage is founded by the Phoenicians, not far from Utica.
  • 800 B.C.    The great poet Homer writes “The Iliad” and “The Odyssey“.
  • 776 B.C.    The very first recorded Olympic Games are established in Greece.
  • 770 B.C.    The Eastern Chou Dynasty in China begins.
  • 483 B.C.    Buddha dies in India.
  • 460 B.C.   Hippocrates is born.
  • 404 B.C.    The Government of the Thirty Tyrants begins.
  • 394 B.C.    Spartan forces win the Battle of Coronea.
  • 390 B.C.    The city of Rome is ransacked by The Gauls from France.
  • 386 B.C.    Antalcidas of Sparta forms a peace pact with Persia.
  • 377 B.C.   Hippocrates dies.
  • 371 B.C.    Sparta and The Athenian League form a peace pact.
  • 367 B.C.    Rome elects its first plebeian council member.
  • 356 B.C.    The Third Sacred War begins.
  • 339 B.C.    The Fourth Sacred War begins.
  • 336 B.C.    Philip II of Macedonia is assassinated.
  • 332 B.C.    Alexander the Great invades Egypt and founds the city Alexandria.
  • 264 B.C.    The First Punic War begins.
  • 221 B.C.    China is united under the reign of Shi Huangdi, China’s first emperor.
  • 214 B.C.    Construction begins on The Great Wall of China.
  • 204 B.C.   Construction is completed on The Great Wall of China.
  • 180 B.C.   Great alter of Zeus and Athena built in Pergamon.
  • 168 B.C.    Roman forces defeat Perseus at the Battle of Pydna.
  • 141 B.C.  Jewish people liberate Jerusalem.
  • 140 B.C.   Wu (Liu Che) becomes “Martial Emperor” of China.
  • 89 B.C.     First Mithridatic War.
  • 63 B.C.     Judea is captured by the Roman empire.
  • 53 B.C.    The Battle of Carrhae, between Parthian and Roman empires.
  • 50 B.C.   France is conquered by Julius Caesar.
  • 45 B.C.    Caesar becomes dictator of Rome.
  • 44 B.C.    Caesar is assassinated.
  • 30 B.C.   Egypt is absorbed and becomes a province of the current Roman empire.
  • 27 B.C.    Augustus begins his rule of the Roman Empire as the first Roman emperor.
  • 5 B.C.    Jesus is born in Bethlehem.